Mangrove expansion may help ecosystems keep pace with sea level rise

Sea level rise and extreme weather events have become harsh realities for those living along the world's coasts. The record-breaking hurricanes of the past...

Tackling the great paradox of biodiversity with game theory

For decades, scientists struggled to explain how scarce resources can sustain the multitude of species that exists on Earth. Early theoretical attempts to understand...

Multiple facets of biodiversity reduce variability of grassland biomass production

A new study shows that, in addition to species richness, plant evolutionary history plays a critical role in regulating year-to-year variation of biomass production...

Red light at night: A potentially fatal attraction to migratory bats

Night time light pollution is rapidly increasing across the world. Nocturnal animals are likely to be especially affected but how they respond to artificial...

Untangling the ‘antennal grabbing’ phenomenon in mating cuckoo bees

One can seldom spot a cuckoo bee, whose peculiar kleptoparasitic behaviour includes laying eggs in the nests of a certain host bee species, let...

Algal blooms a threat to small lakes and ponds, too

Harmful algae isn't just a problem for high-profile bodies of water - it poses serious, toxic threats in small ponds and lakes as well,...

Kelp forests function differently in warming ocean

Kelp forests in the UK and the wider North-East Atlantic will experience a marked change in ecosystem functioning in response to continued ocean warming...

Ecosystems are getting greener in the Arctic

In recent decades, scientists have noted a surge in Arctic plant growth as a symptom of climate change. But without observations showing exactly when...

Ancient beetle discovery gives clue to gymnosperm pollination

Plant-insect interactions, one of the critical bedrocks for modern ecosystems, are largely dominated by insect-angiosperm relationships owing to the hegemony enjoyed by flowering plants...

Severe declines of mountain hares on Scottish grouse moors

Mountain hare numbers on moorlands in the eastern Highlands have declined to less than one per cent of their initial levels, according to a...

Illinois’ imperiled eastern massasauga rattlesnakes retain genetic diversity

Habitat loss, habitat fragmentation and the loss of genetic diversity are the three main factors driving the extinction of many wild species, and the...

What homebody island birds could tell us about adaptation and evolution

In nature, organisms are constantly adapting to their surroundings. It's why animal or plant populations with the same set of genes will do different...

Why house sparrows lay both big and small eggs

Why does the egg size of house sparrows vary so much? Isn't it always an advantage to be big? Perhaps not surprisingly, baby sparrows that...

Where do crows go in winter?

"Partial migration"--where some individuals within a population migrate and some don't--is common among birds and is speculated to be a step on the evolutionary...

Mojave Desert birds crashed over the last century due to climate change

Bird communities in the Mojave Desert straddling the California/Nevada border have collapsed over the past 100 years, most likely because of lower rainfall due...